The Wreck of the SS Mohegan off The Manacles, near Porthoustock, 1898
Postcard showing the wreck of SS Mohegan off The Manacles. Posted to Miss Moseley, 78, Gerrard Street, Lozells, Birmingham, from Rhoda. Bound for New York, the Atlantic Transport Line's SS Mohegan sailed from Tilbury Docks on 13th October 1898. She was carrying passengers, crew, cattlemen and 1,286 tons of spirits, beer, and antimony. She sailed down the English Channel, keeping close to the coast as she passed Cornwall, but took the wrong bearing. This was noticed by the Coverack coastguard, which attempted to signal to her with warning rockets. The Mohegan, however maintained her course. James Hill, coxswain of the Porthoustock lifeboat saw the ship heading at full speed towards the Manacle Rocks and called his crew. The crew of the Mohegan were finally alerted to the danger, either by signals from shore or by the 'old Manacle bell' from the buoy, and the engines were stopped at 6:50 pm. The ship ran onto the Manacles, embedding the rudder into the rock and tearing the hull open. Dinner was being served at the time and with the loss of power the passengers made their way onto the deck, where attempts were made to launch the lifeboats. Captain Griffith had ordered the fitting of a high second rail inboard of the lifeboats to prevent their being rushed in the event of an emergency, but this now hampered the launching of the boats. Further problems were encountered when the ship listed to port then heavily to starboard. Only two lifeboats were launched, of which one was virtually swamped and the other capsized. The ship rolled and sank 12 minutes after hitting the rocks with the loss of 107 lives. Captain Griffith, Assistant Engineer William Kinley and all of the officers went down with the ship. Only her funnel and four masts remained above water. The Porthoustock lifeboat Charlotte was launched in 30 minutes and rescued most of the survivors from the wreck and the water, 44 people were saved by the attending lifeboats. Many of the recovered bodies were buried in a mass grave in St Keverne churchyard, which was given a memorial stained glass window by the Atlantic Transport Line. The remaining bodies were sent to London for burial, whilst eight were shipped to New York on the Mohegan’s sister ship Menominee.
Porthoustock Lifeboat "The Charlotte", 1886-1900
The Porthoustock lifeboat "The Charlotte", 1886-1900. Built in 1886 by Forrestt of Limehouse for the sum of £374, the lifeboat was donated by Miss A F Howis, London. It performed seven services, and saved 79 lives. The Charlotte is shown in front of local cottages, with the crew holding its ropes (it is on a trailer), and many villagers watching.
Wreck of the Anne Elizabeth on The Manacles, 1895
The 398 tons, three masted, Norwegian barque Anne Elizabeth which struck the Manacles, near Porthoustock, on 26th November 1895. The Anne Elizabeth was bound from Cardiff to Christiania (now Oslo) carrying a cargo of 531 tons of coal and a crew of 8. Five crew members were lost. Photograph by W M Harrison.
Charles Cyril Brownjohn, Assistant Steward on the SS Mohegan, about 1895
Charles Cyril Brownjohn who went down in the wreck of the SS Mohegan on 13th October 1898. Charles was assistant steward on the Mohegan. On the back of the photograph it reads "This card came from Mr Samuel Mason's house at Coverack Bay View. House sold up for debt on October 25th 1911". The front of the card is embossed with the photographer's name, A & J Bool, 86 Warwick Street SW. The inscription on the front reads "C.C. Brownjohn, who went down in the wreck of the S.S. Mohegan Oct 14 1898 aged 23 Interred at St Keverne". The card is broken and stitched with thread, the image is intact. The Mohegan was bound for New York when she ran into the Manacles on 13th October 1898. She carried 57 passengers and 97 crew. Dinner was being served at the time, and many of the passengers were initially unaware of the severity of the accident. The Porthoustock lifeboat Charlotte was launched in 30 minutes and rescued most of the survivors from the wreck and the water; 44 persons were saved. Most of the recovered bodies of the drowned were buried in a mass grave in St Keverne churchyard, which was given a memorial stained glass window by the Atlantic Transport Line.
Launch of Porthoustock Llifeboat, 9th May 1907
Photographic postcard of the launching of the lifeboat at Porthoustock on 9th May 1907. Photograph by Alfred Herbert Hawke of Helston.
The Crew of Porthoustock Lifeboat, The Charlotte, 1898
The Porthoustock lifeboat, The Charlotte, with her crew at the lifeboat house in 1898. Built in 1886 by Forrestt of Limehouse for the sum of £374, the twelve oared, self-righting lifeboat was donated by Miss A F Howis, London. It performed seven services between 1886-1900 and saved 79 lives. The crew are named as James Hill (coxswain), John Roberts, Francis James Tripp (Halwyn), Henry Roberts, Joseph Hendy James, William Hill, Ernest James, William John Tripp, George Dally, Alfred Roberts, Bentley More, William Bastian, John Thomas, Alfred Cox, George Tripp and William Thomas Rashleigh (front row, fourth from right). Mr E P Roskruge, Secretary, is also in the photograph.